A Crisis of Minds: The Fascinating Tale of “Healing” People… By Destroying Their Brains

From Today I Found Out.

Back when the icepick was considered a medical device.

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Sources:

Gordon, Meryl, “‘Rosemary: the Hidden Kennedy Daughter’, by Kate Clifford Lawson”, The New York Times, October 6, 2015, https://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/11/books/review/rosemary-the-hidden-kennedy-daughter-by-kate-clifford-larson.html

Nicholas, Elizabeth, Rosemary Kennedy and the Legacy of Mental Illness, VICE, October 5, 2015, https://www.vice.com/en/article/mvb4pq/rosemary-kennedy-and-the-legacy-of-mental-illness-511

Walter Freeman: the Father of Lobotomy, Medical Bag, May 21, 2015, https://www.medicalbag.com/home/features/despicable-doctors/walter-freeman-the-father-of-the-lobotomy/

He Was Bad, so They Put an Ice Pick in His Brain, The Guardian, https://www.theguardian.com/science/2008/jan/13/neuroscience.medicalscience

El-Hai, Jack, The Lobotomist, The Washington Post, February 4, 2001, https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/lifestyle/magazine/2001/02/04/the-lobotomist/630196c4-0f70-4427-832a-ce04959a6dc8/

Tan, Siang Yong & Yip, Angela, António Egas Moniz (1874–1955): Lobotomy pioneer and Nobel laureate, Singapore Medical Journal, April 2014, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4291941/