How Plate Tectonics Transformed Los Angeles

From PBS Eons. Despite the profound changes we’ve made here in recent history, the epic saga of Los Angeles’ natural history is still visible – and even striking – if you know where and how to look for it. ***** PBS Member Stations rely on viewers like you. To support your local station, go to…

When Giant Millipedes Reigned

From PBS Eons. This giant millipede was the largest known invertebrate to ever live on land. So how did it get so big?? ***** PBS Member Stations rely on viewers like you. To support your local station, go to http://to.pbs.org/DonateEons ***** Produced by Complexly for PBS Digital Studios Super special thanks to the following Patreon…

There were dinosaurs with basically no arms at all, just hands! #shorts

From PBS Eons. Guemesia: a new no-arm dino If you’d like to support the channel, head over to http://patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards! References: https://www.nhm.ac.uk/discover/news/2022/february/new-armless-abelisaur-dinosaur-species-discovered-argentina.html https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02724634.2021.2002348?scroll=top&needAccess=true https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/need-a-hand-dont-ask-an-abelisaurid-88125248/ https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2009.00640.x?casa_token=mMGXK6eo8lkAAAAA%3ADUktp6nbFkobFOjBJxeP01yat1v8j8ZoN3E6NtMLcccHubVR9ZvcJWyIVrKx7ZQgitLwhXB_pUHFq8c

Sharks have antibacterial skin. Can we use that to save lives? #shorts

From PBS Eons. Sometimes modern problems require ancient, evolutionary solutions. Produced by Complexly for PBS Digital Studios If you’d like to support the channel, head over to http://patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards! References: https://www.biomedcentral.com/about/press-centre/science-press-releases/17-sep-2014#:~:text=It%20mimics%20the%20unique%20qualities,%2Dlike%20structures%2C%20called%20denticles.

What is the most successful human species? #shorts

From PBS Eons. Does Homo erectus beat out Homo sapiens? Produced by Complexly for PBS Digital Studios If you’d like to support the channel, head over to http://patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards! References: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/fossils-some-last-homo-erectus-hint-end-long-lived-species-180973816/ https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/homo-erectus-a-bigger-smarter-97879043/

The Curious Case of the Cave Lion

From PBS Eons. A mysterious, large feline roamed Eurasia during the last ice age. Its fossils have been found across the continent, and it’s been the subject of ancient artwork. So what exactly were these big cats? Thanks to Ceri Thomas and Roman Uchytel their reconstructions featured in this episode! ***** PBS Member Stations rely…

When Ants Domesticated Fungi

From PBS Eons. While we’ve been farming for around 10,000 to 12,000 years, the ancestors of ants have been doing it for around 60 million years. So when, and how, and why did ants start … farming? Thanks to Franz Anthony (https://franzanth.com) for the excellent ant reconstruction featured in this episode! ***** PBS Member Stations…

Why don’t rabbits get really, really big? #shorts

From PBS Eons. Why aren’t there giant rabbits? Produced by Complexly for PBS Digital Studios If you’d like to support the channel, head over to http://patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards! References: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/evo.14187?casa_token=1odZAe8uK00AAAAA:DI7FQaXDYiXBn0aPZgKp93mfgSRPZ2FmEGesZBmmtLlqhzVhKvKcz9h_oLVlNRdQ3KflTYR8R5JXWQjO https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02724634.2011.550367?casa_token=O4QKtUXfcJ4AAAAA%3AammuwGR1t-a6mPHVh3-9YiN8hLi8huoTl2pUmcBMYr1TgmYM90lovqh5JDNLBdgzcNREly4nFTY& https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/jzo.12209?casa_token=ortx7KOBJJgAAAAA:lVcene-bHuodNeALlCaZCWKCS_h5yuHydkVzUSXk-FDy_78vhm6J5_CXrJ32fJ_9zGS7tPgD_PAT https://paleobiodb.org/classic/basicCollectionSearch?collection_no=62897&is_real_user=1

Are there dinosaur fossils in space? #shorts

From PBS Eons. Dinosaurs! In Space! Produced by Complexly for PBS Digital Studios If you’d like to support the channel, head over to http://patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards! References: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/dinosaurs-in-space-3945429/ https://twitter.com/BitsHammer/status/1080576295208071168?s=20 https://www.iflscience.com/space/we-are-pleased-to-inform-you-there-are-probably-dinosaur-remains-on-the-moon/ https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-25201572 https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/ast.2013.1028

How the Smallest Animal Got So Simple

From PBS Eons. Check out Historian’s Take: https://youtu.be/8mXaccYFKRQ Our podcast episode on the origins of dinosaurs: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/what-was-the-first-dinosaur/id1610360633?i=1000557071492 We tend to think that evolution only goes in one direction— toward getting bigger and more advanced. But that’s not always the case. This tiny, simple animal, the Myxozoans, (yes, animal!) evolved from something bigger and more complex.…

Someone lost the only fossil from what might’ve been the biggest dinosaur ever #shorts

From PBS Eons. Where’s Amphicoelias? Produced by Complexly for PBS Digital Studios If you’d like to support the channel, head over to http://patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards! References: https://web.archive.org/web/20190307212428/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/dd15/6c0abe4328abf1ee83fe43433205eb723f3c.pdf https://web.archive.org/web/20181022113333/https://www.utahgeology.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/GIW2018-v05-pp227-244-Carpenter-screen.pdf

After this bird went extinct the first time, evolution just hit replay #shorts

From PBS Eons. The bird that evolved twice! Produced by Complexly for PBS Digital Studios If you’d like to support the channel, head over to http://patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards! References: https://www.nhm.ac.uk/discover/news/2019/may/birds-on-an-island-in-the-indian-ocean-evolved-flightlessness-twice.html https://academic.oup.com/zoolinnean/article/186/3/666/5487031?login=true#137071492 https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/how-evolution-brought-flightless-bird-back-extinction-180972166/

The Tasmanian tiger is definitely extinct. So why do people keep report sightings of them? #shorts

From PBS Eons. Thylacines are definitely extinct! Produced by Complexly for PBS Digital Studios If you’d like to support the channel, head over to http://patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards! References: https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/10/science/thylacines-tasmanian-tigers-sightings.html https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2005/05/when-can-you-say-an-animal-is-extinct.html https://shorthand.uq.edu.au/small-change/is-the-thylacine-really-extinct/ https://www.nma.gov.au/defining-moments/resources/extinction-of-thylacine

Could you have survived a giant space rock colliding with Earth 66 million years ago? #shorts

From PBS Eons. Would you have survived the K-Pg Impact? Produced by Complexly for PBS Digital Studios If you’d like to support the channel, head over to http://patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards! References: https://www.pnas.org/content/116/39/19342 https://www.wired.com/story/how-to-survive-a-killer-asteroid/ https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/extinction/dinosaurs/asteroid.html

A crater in Turkmenistan has been on fire for about 50 years #shorts

From PBS Eons. And it’s been reported that one of the geologists started it on purpose? Produced by Complexly for PBS Digital Studios If you’d like to support the channel, head over to http://patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards! References: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/giant-hole-ground-has-been-fire-more-40-years-180951247/ https://geopersia.ut.ac.ir/article_68258_7eaa5ea5986b0f9ded7536bf4b0a4b30.pdf

Some trees are more closely related to broccoli than to other trees #shorts

From PBS Eons. Don’t be fooled by convergent evolution. Produced by Complexly for PBS Digital Studios If you’d like to support the channel, head over to http://patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards! References: https://www.cell.com/trends/plant-science/fulltext/S1360-1385(05)00053-1 https://eukaryotewritesblog.com/2021/05/02/theres-no-such-thing-as-a-tree/ https://twitter.com/flyingquercus/status/1140895801943711746

Could humans survive if they traveled back in time 3 billion years? #shorts

From PBS Eons. Could humans survive during the Precambrian? Produced by Complexly for PBS Digital Studios If you’d like to support the channel, head over to http://patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards! References: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/precambrian-time https://news.mit.edu/2016/oxygen-first-appearance-earth-atmosphere-0513 https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2021/03/ancient-earth-was-water-world https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0031018204005905

Dire wolves aren’t wolves at all #shorts

From PBS Eons. Dire wolves aren’t actually wolves but what they are might be even cooler. Thanks to the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County for having us! Produced by Complexly for PBS Digital Studios If you’d like to support the channel, head over to http://patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards! References: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/dire-wolves-were-not-really-wolves-new-genetic-clues-reveal/…

Why We Only Have Ten Toes (It’s a Long Story)

From PBS Eons. Today, all mammals from humans to bats have five fingers or fewer. Yes, even whales, whose finger bones are hidden in their fins. Birds have four or fewer and amphibians get the best of both worlds, often having four digits on their “hands” and five on their “feet.” But no species of…

How Horses Went From Food To Friends

From PBS Eons. Do our modern horses descend from just one domesticated population, or did it happen many times, in many places? Answering these questions has been tricky, as we’ve needed to bring together evidence from art, archaeology, and ancient DNA…Because, as it turns out, the history of humans and horses has been a pretty…

How our deadliest parasite turned to the dark side

From PBS Eons. Around 10,000 years ago, somewhere in Africa, a microscopic parasite made a huge leap. With a little help from a mosquito, it left its animal host – probably a gorilla – and found its way to a new host: us. ***** PBS Member Stations rely on viewers like you. To support your…

When Pterosaurs Walked

From PBS Eons. Take the PBS Digital Studios audience survey: https://to.pbs.org/2021survey If you know one thing about pterosaurs, it’s that they’re flyers. And while pterosaurs may be well-known for their domination of the skies in the Mesozoic Era, they didn’t live their entire lives in the air. So how did we figure this out? And…

The Fossil Record In Your Mouth

From PBS Eons. The hardened residue scraped off your teeth at the dentist is called your dental calculus, and your dental calculus is the only part of your body that actually fossilizes while you’re alive! And scientists have figured out how to study & trace the evolutionary history of these microbes over tens of millions…

Why The Paleo Diet Couldn’t Save The Neanderthals

From PBS Eons. These relatives of ours lived in Eurasia for more than 300,000 years. They were expert toolmakers, using materials like stone, wood, and animal bone. They were also skilled hunters and foragers, and may even have created cave art. So what caused the decline and disappearance of their population? Well, in a way…it…

Fossil Feud: Eons vs SciShow!

From PBS Eons. You’ve heard of Family Feud… but how about Fossil Feud? Join us for a National Fossil Day livestream to watch the Eons team compete against some of our friends from SciShow! Gabriel-Philip Santos from the Alf Museum of Paleontology will be our host. Kallie Moore, Blake de Pastino and Michelle Barboza-Ramirez will be…