Evolution of Law Enforcement

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From Origin Of Everything.

With ongoing protests across the United States and the globe against law enforcement violence and extrajudicial killings of people in Black, brown, and impoverished communities, the world is contemplating the place of police in our society. Some argue for reforms, others for defunding, and others still for the complete abolition of police.

This isn’t the first time any of these things have happened. Today, Danielle looks at policing, from its colonial night watch origins to the modern-day, as well as attempts to change the institution over time.

Special thanks to our Historian Harry Brisson and Archivists Rachel Brice, Jafra D. Thomas, and Alex Hackman on Patreon! Join them at https://www.patreon.com/originofeverything

Created and Hosted by Danielle Bainbridge
Produced by Complexly for PBS Digital Studios


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Origin of Everything is a show about the undertold histories and cultural dialogues that make up our collective story. From the food we eat, to the trivia and fun facts we can’t seem to get out of our heads, to the social issues we can’t stop debating, everything around us has a history. Origin of Everything is here to explore it all. We like to think that no topic is too small or too challenging to get started.

This is only a partial Works Cited, full works here: https://docs.google.com/document/d/16s11fftt_CqwBqBr2suIFTgwNU334FQrhRLuuGkmWJM/edit

Works Referenced
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/08/12/us/gallup-poll-police.html
https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/black-codes
https://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/reconstruction
https://www.history.com/topics/early-20th-century-us/jim-crow-laws
https://constitutioncenter.org/interactive-constitution/amendment/amendment-xiii
https://lawenforcementmuseum.org/2019/07/10/slave-patrols-an-early-form-of-american-policing/
https://journals.openedition.org/chs/359
https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/humanrights/2020/08/12/racism-police-violence-and-mass-incarceration-the-legacies-of-slavery-and-segregation-in-the-united-states/
https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9780203955048/chapters/10.4324/9780203955048-9
https://www.insider.com/history-of-police-in-the-us-photos-2020-6
https://daily.jstor.org/the-origins-of-the-police/
https://plsonline.eku.edu/sites/plsonline.eku.edu/files/the-history-of-policing-in-us.pdf
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_management
https://law.jrank.org/pages/11309/Wickersham-Commission.html
https://www.dartmouth.edu/library/Library_Bulletin/Nov1989/LB-N89-VClose2.html
https://spartacus-educational.com/USAmooneycase.htm
http://www.lexisnexis.com/documents/academic/upa_cis/1965_WickershamCommPt1.pdf
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=47846
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015007683744&view=1up&seq=934
https://time.com/4779112/police-history-origins/
https://plsonline.eku.edu/insidelook/brief-history-slavery-and-origins-american-policing
https://theconversation.com/the-racist-roots-of-american-policing-from-slave-patrols-to-traffic-stops-112816
https://www.npr.org/2020/06/05/871083599/the-history-of-police-in-creating-social-order-in-the-u-s
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2020/07/20/the-invention-of-the-police
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https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=42802
https://www.yalelawjournal.org/essay/police-reform-and-the-dismantling-of-legal-estrangement
https://www.thenation.com/article/society/police-reform-defund-iacp/
https://equaljusticesociety.org/defundthepolicememo/
https://theweek.com/articles/919055/short-history-abolishing-police
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10612-018-9400-4
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/07/how-i-became-police-abolitionist/613540/
https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/n870zx04f
https://cruxnow.com/church-in-the-usa/2020/06/panelists-with-police-abolition-come-added-corrective-societal-measures/
https://www.inquirer.com/opinion/commentary/police-abolish-criminal-justice-reform-20200102.html
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10282580.2017.1383773
https://www.washingtonpost.com/video/national/george-floyds-death-became-a-symbol-for-racial-injustice-racism-also-played-a-role-in-his-life/2020/10/13/e89e2f90-fa7d-43ea-9cd4-f9c270e73bb9_video.html
https://www.pbs.org/newshour/nation/fbi-white-supremacists-in-law-enforcement
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/aug/27/white-supremacists-militias-infiltrate-us-police-report
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/aug/28/fbi-far-right-white-supremacists-police
https://www.brennancenter.org/our-work/research-reports/hidden-plain-sight-racism-white-supremacy-and-far-right-militancy-law
https://8cantwait.org/

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