How Do Blacksmiths Make Swords?

From Reactions.

This video was created in celebration of this year’s National Chemistry Week theme: Marvelous Metals. Learn more about it here: http://www.acs.org/ncw

This week on Reactions we head to Portland, Oregon, and learn how blacksmithing is just as much chemistry as it is an artform.

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Credits:
Producer: Elaine Seward
Writer: Samantha Jones, Ph.D.
Scientific Consultants: Hatem Zurob, Ph.D. Abdallah Elsayed, Ph.D. Junling Hu, Ph.D., Michelle Boucher, PhD Brianne Raccor, PhD

Executive Producer: George Zaidan
Production Manager: Hilary Hudson

Music:

Sources:
D block chemistry
https://books.google.com/books?id=lUvAanKanaYC&pg=RA34-PT1&lpg=RA34-PT1&dq=blacksmithing+chemistry&source=bl&ots=7Xc78YWLJg&sig=ACfU3U0LT6XJYZwzZeGe2gzp7W2FVcj1JA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjJtJ-mncTkAhVHjlkKHdJaAOQQ6AEwDnoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=blacksmithing%20chemistry&f=false

Ironmaking
https://www.learner.org/courses/chemistry/text/text.html?dis=U&num=Ym5WdElURS9OQ289&sec=Ym5WdElUQS9OaW89

Fabrication of a Bronze-Age Sword
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11837-016-2105-9

Heat treat colors for steel
https://www.productionmachining.com/articles/heat-treat-colors-for-steel

Tempering colors
https://pmpaspeakingofprecision.com/2010/07/14/temper-colors-for-steel/

The Sword of the Samurai
https://www.abebooks.com/first-edition/Katana-Sword-Samurai-950-1877-Weapon-Stephen/4265719339/bd

Spectral Characteristics of Grinding Sparks Used for Identification
of Scrap Metals
https://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/10710

Study on the Mechanism of Carbon Steel Sparks
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/331983775_Study_on_the_Mechanism_of_Carbon_Steel_Sparks

Guide to Historic Iron & Steel Structures http://www.sparksengineering.com/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2015/10/Spark-Test-for-Iron-Steel.pdf

THE UTILITY OF THE SPARK TEST AS APPLIED TO COMMERCIAL STEELS
https://nvlpubs.nist.gov/nistpubs/jres/11/jresv11n4p527_A2b.pdf

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