How Do Bomb Detectors Work?

From Reactions.

#bombsniffer #k9 #bombdetector #chemicaldetector

What’s better at finding a hidden bomb–a dog, or an electronic chemical detector? Let’s find out.

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Credits:
Executive Producers:
George Zaidan
Hilary Hudson

Producers:
Andrew Sobey
Elaine Seward

Writer/Host:
Sam Jones, PhD

Scientific consultants:
Lauryn DeGreef, PhD
Leila Duman, PhD
Mark Fisher, PhD
Simon Gadbois, PhD
Braden C. Giordano, PhD
Eileen Jenkins, DVM
Steven Munger, PhD
Brianne Raccor, PhD

Sources:
Detection of land mines by amplified fluorescence quenching of polymer films: a man-portable chemical sniffer for detection of ultratrace concentrations of explosives emanating from land mines https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/conference-proceedings-of-spie/4038/0000/Detection-of-land-mines-by-amplified-fluorescence-quenching-of-polymer/10.1117/12.396225.short?SSO=1

Is It Possible to Predict the Odor of a Molecule on the Basis of its Structure?
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6627536/

Odors: from chemical structures to gaseous plumes. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31931034

Vapor Pressure of Hexamethylene Triperoxide Diamine (HMTD) Estimated Using Secondary Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26505487

Detection dogs https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0039914018303552?via%3Dihub

Prostate cancer and dog sense of smell https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31808627

Sniffing animals as a diagnostic tool in infectious diseases https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31734357

Demining Dogs in Colombia – A Review of Operational Challenges, Chemical Perspectives, and Practical Implications https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27320400

The Limits of Detection https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/the-limits-of-detection

Sniffing Out Bombs: Canine vs. Machine https://www.wired.com/2002/04/sniffing-out-bombs-canine-vs-machine/

Can next-generation bomb ‘sniffing’ technology outdo dogs on explosives detection?
https://theconversation.com/can-next-generation-bomb-sniffing-technology-outdo-dogs-on-explosives-detection-60610

Dogs Teach Bomb-Sniffing Machines New Tricks [Podcast episode, 2017] https://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode/dogs-teach-bomb-sniffing-machines-new-tricks/

America Is Running Out of Bomb-Sniffing Dogs [2017 article] https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/04/opinion/sunday/bomb-sniffing-dogs-terrorism-security.html

Dog sniffing at the superbowl https://abcnews.go.com/US/mans-best-friend-bomb-sniffing-dogs-securing-super/story?id=68691182

Birds and Dogs: Toward a Comparative Perspective on Odor Use and Detection https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103309/

Dogs’ olfactory diagnostics applied on human species: state of the art and clinical perspectives. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27598027

Odor Perception by Dogs: Evaluating Two Training Approaches for Odor Learning of Sniffer Dogs https://academic.oup.com/chemse/article/42/5/435/3747759

Olfaction and aging https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/381619

Olfactory Generalization in Detector Dogs https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31546835

When the Nose Doesn’t Know: Canine Olfactory Function Associated With Health, Management, and Potential Links to Microbiota https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5884888/

Explosives-sniffing grasshoppers? https://www.newscientist.com/article/2233645-cyborg-grasshoppers-have-been-engineered-to-sniff-out-explosives/

Sniffer dogs in the melanoma clinic? (This is the first study that indicated dogs might be able to sniff out cancers, but it was a case study) https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(89)92257-5/fulltext

Canine scent detection for the diagnosis of lung cancer in a screening-like situation https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1752-7155/10/4/046003/meta

Conducting polymers in sensor design https://www.intechopen.com/books/conducting-polymers/conducting-polymers-in-sensor-design

DARPA Dog’s Nose
https://www.discovermagazine.com/technology/future-tech-19

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