Life Without Oxygen? Challenge Accepted

From Journey to the Microcosmos.

Slimy, a little smelly, maybe even a little gross, but to many organisms, the oxic-anoxic transition is a shifting chemical boundary that has created a challenge for life…a challenge it conquered.

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Music by Andrew Huang:
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This video features the tracks “Spirula” and “Supergravity” by Andrew Huang, which you can find for sale at http://www.andrewhuang.bandcamp.com

Journey to the Microcosmos is a Complexly production.
Find out more at https://www.complexly.com

Sources:
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/bacteria/spirochetes.html
https://www.britannica.com/science/spirochete
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11075905
https://academic.oup.com/femsre/article/24/5/691/590703
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23194707
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/9781118960608.gbm01126
https://www-ssrl.slac.stanford.edu/research/highlights_archive/sulfur.html
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9781118981771.ch9
https://academic.oup.com/femsec/article/52/3/339/461813
https://aem.asm.org/content/71/7/3682
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2015.00822/full
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00248-018-1158-4
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4611513/