There are three types of camels: the Dromedary, which has one hump, and the Bactrian and wild camel, which have two. Thanks to their stamina, strength, intelligence, and speed, Dromedaries and Bactrians––known by some as the “ships of the desert”–– have sustained generations of tribes and traders with their meat, milk, and mileage.
But possibly the toughest breed out there doesn’t interact with humans much at all. The rare wild camels found in regions of China and Mongolia have not only been known to drink salt water, but due to their unfortunate proximity to China’s Lop Nur testing site, they’ve somehow withstood more than forty nuclear weapons tests.
So, what makes camels so robust? Well, first of all, they’re huge. Almost two meters tall at shoulder height. And one of the things you might think you know about camels is that their humps store water. But actually, it’s fat!
#camel #camels #camelhump #seeker #tusktotails #anatomy
Osmotic hemolysis of the camel’s erythrocytes. I. A microcinematographic study
"Gradual osmotic hemolysis of camel erythrocytes was observed by means of phase contrast microscopy and recorded by microcinematographic methods."
Regional and circadian variations of sweating rate and body surface temperature in camels (Camelus dromedarius)
"It was the aim of this study to investigate the regional variations in surface temperature and sweating rate and to visualize body thermal windows responsible for the dissipation of excess body heat in dromedary camels."
"Camel, (genus Camelus), either of three species of large ruminating hoofed mammals of arid Africa and Asia known for their ability to go for long periods without drinking."
Tusks, trunks, claws, tails. Animals have evolved in ways to adapt to their environment by developing some truly unusual physical traits. Why did elephants develop a trunk, and how does it even work? What are insect wings made of? How are tails used throughout the animal kingdom? Our host Dr. Evan Antin explores the strange world of animal physiology.
Seeker empowers the curious to understand the science shaping our world. We tell award-winning stories about the natural forces and groundbreaking innovations that impact our lives, our planet, and our universe.
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