What makes the natural log “natural”? | Lockdown math ep. 7

From 3Blue1Brown.

All about ln(x).
Full playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZHQObOWTQDP5CVelJJ1bNDouqrAhVPev
Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com
Brought to you by you: https://3b1b.co/thanks

Beautiful pictorial summary by @ThuyNganVu:

At 16:00, the sum should be written with a "…" to indicate going to infinity.
At 38:41, the exponent should have 1/(2s^2) instead of 1/s^2 for s to represent standard deviation.
At 54:33, an equal sign was mistakenly used in taking the derivative of x^3 / 3!.
At the end, it should be pointed out that the alternating series with x^n terms only converges for values of x between -1 and 1, so the values one can’t be considered proven with values of x outside that range. Everything with the argument here is fine, as it only deals with the convergent input, but that fact should still be mentioned.

Related videos.
Calculus series:

The sum giving pi^2 / 6:

The sum giving pi / 4:
https://youtu.be/00w8gu2aL-w (Mathologer)

The live question setup with stats on-screen is powered by Itempool.

Curious about other animations?

Music by Vincent Rubinetti.
Download the music on Bandcamp:

Stream the music on Spotify:

If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people.


3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe

Various social media stuffs:
Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com
Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown
Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/
Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown